Drinking water supply and sanitation facilities across Baluchistan are mostly under strain since persistent draught in the province, has severely affected the entire province and this disparity increases in the rural areas. This intensified the water problems manifold. Limiting factors are shortage of power and declining water table due to rampant water boring that reduce hourly discharge. According 2010 MICS Balochistan survey Report , In province only 53.35% pop- ulation has access to piped drinking water, (Urban:73.70% & Rural: 20.40%),The situation of sanitation in the province also shows bleak picture as only 42.80% population access to safe disposal of excreta Sanitation ( Urban: 62.70% & Rural: 22.90%), whereas 80% of poorest households practice open defecation versus 95% of richest who access improved sanitation.
Disposal of waste water is also one of the key areas that lead to water contamination and diseases. Only 10% house- holds have access to proper disposal of waste water and 5% of Baluchistan’s populations have facilities and services available for proper disposal of solid waste.
BRSP goal in WATSAN is to contribute in poverty alleviation by improving the status of drinking water and sanitation facilities at community level. BRSP aims to provide clean drinking water and sanitation facilities to the communities of the provinces. Through WATSAN component, BRSP is implementing different projects with partnership of PHED and Education department for rehabilitating the drinking water supply schemes, implementing community infrastructure schemes and school WATSAN facilities, it also covers the improvement of post flood WASH facilities.
BRSP has been able for implementing numerous projects/programs successfully relating to WATSAN since its inception and established specialized WATSAN unit managed by Social Sector Services Program.
Realizing the importance of safe water and sanitation and priority by needy communities, BRSP has implemented numerous Drinking Water Supply Schemes (DWSS) and sanitation scheme though different projects in different regions of the district.
As of June 2014, the organization has been able to implement 1,010 DWSS, 207 large & medium Drinking Water Supply Schemes (DWSS), 803 Small water supply schemes benefiting 791,838 individuals (Female 380,082 & Male 411,756) have access to improved drinking water facilities. 271 schools/ Madrasas WASH facilities have been provided/ rehabilitated in different areas of Balochistan benefiting 46,411 individuals (621 Teachers & 45,790 Students).
|DWSS||1,010 DWSS (207 large & medium water supply schemes & 803 small WSS||791,838 (Female 380,082& Male 411,756)|
|WASH facility provided at community level||3200 latrines, sewerage lane in 40 streets and Water tank provided 192||33,090|
|SSHE Training conducted in schools||171 schools||12,715 (634 Teachers 12,081 Students)|
|Hygiene kits distributed in schools||107 schools||10,770 kits among students|
|Child/ Hygiene Clubs formed||169|
|WASH Facility provided in formal and traditional schools||271||46, 411 (621 Teachers & 45,790 Students)|
|Health & Hygiene Sessions||719||18,332|
In year 2013-2014, BRSP has been able to complete 40 DWSS schemes benefiting 31,840 individuals, and 54 Hand Pumps benefiting 4,963 individuals under different projects. 133 Health & Hygiene Sessions were conducted and 2,078 individuals have been sensitized. WASH facility has been provided to 261 schools/ Madrasas benefiting 344 teachers and 34,303 students. In 169 schools Hygiene/ Child clubs have been formed. SSHE Training is conducted in 60 schools where 80 teachers and 900 students were trained. During these trainings 6,703 health & hygiene kits have been distributed among the students. 01 sewerage lane was laid in district Pishin benefiting 770 individuals.
These interventions has helped mitigate the miseries of poor communities including most marginalized i.e. women & children, provided safe and drinking water at their door step. The sanitation schemes coupled with H&H sessions has also contributed in improving the overall environment of the localities & personal hygiene of communities. These interventions are paying off and the envisaged positive impact will result in decreasing water borne diseases, improve school enrolment, reduction in costs incurred on water treatment and purchasing water.
Post floods WASH Rehabilitation in District Zhob and Jaffarabad- Balochistan
Project Life: (Aug 2011- November 2013)
Funded by: European Union
Districts: Zhob and Jaffarabad
The flood-hit areas of Balochistan still show a grim picture of devastation from the worst floods in the history of the country in 2010. According to PDMA floods affected a population of 700,000 in Balochistan province only in 2010. The province saw subsequent floods in 2011 and 2012 too.
Baluchistan Rural Support (BRSP) in close coordination and support with Local Government Rural Development Department Baluchistan (LGRDD), Public Health Engineering Department Baluchistan (PHED), and Education Department and together with grass root organizations has been im- plementing a 24-months Post- floods WASH Rehabilitation programme in Jaffarabad and Zhob districts of Baluchistan with co-financing from the European Union.
The project overall goal is to contribute to poverty alleviation amongst flood-affected population in the two districts with the aim to restore at least to pre-floods level, access of the targeted communities to drinking water and sanitation facilities and to promote improved hygiene practices among targeted populations through improved management and coordination capacities and community participation for sustainable WASH sector development.
Despite the extreme challenges, arduous and complicated security circumstances, the project has been successful in attaining most of the planned targets. The project team of BRSP have done the best possible in defining and imple- menting a decisive intervention and consolidating the inputs of the various stakeholders, including the grass root orga- nizations. Project Implementation has been geared up and significant achievements has been made during the report- ing year on key milestones: such as formation of COs/VOs/ Wash Committees, distribution of Hygiene Kits, training on CLTS approach to Community Activists, sharing of baseline findings through workshops, printing & distribution of IEC material are 100% completed. A third tier representative body of community organization at Union Council Level Local Support Organization (LSO) has been formed by 19 VOs in Cattle Farm UC, one of the targeted Union Council of Jaffarabad. The main role of LSO is to provide support to the project activities at Union Council level.