Drinking water supply and sanitation facilities across Baluchistan are mostly under strain since persistent draught in the province has severely affected the entire provinceand this disparity increases in the rural areas. This intensified the water problems manifold. Limiting factors are shortage of power and declining water tabledue torampant water boring that reduce hourly discharge.
Disposal of waste water is also one of the key areas that lead to water contamination and diseases. Only 10% households have access to proper disposal of waste water and 5% of Baluchistan�s populations have facilities and services available for proper disposal of solid waste. BRSP goal in WATSAN is to contribute in poverty alleviation by improving the status of drinking water, sanitation facilities at community level. BRSP aims to provide clean drinking water and sanitation facilities to the communities of the provinces. Through WATSAN component BRSP is implementing different projects with partnership of PHED and Education department for rehabilitating the drinking water supply schemes, implementing community infrastructure schemes and school WATSAN facilities, it also covers the improvement of post flood WASH facilities.
BRSP has been able to successfully implement numerous projects/programs relating to WATSAN since its inception and established specialized WATSAN unit managed by Social Sector Services Program.Currently, BRSP is implementing different WATSAN projects with partnership of PPAF, KfW, EU, UNICEF, UNHCR, particularly, Quetta Water Program & EC-WATSAN project funded by KfW, & EU respectively.
Balochistan Rural Support (BRSP) along with Local Government, Rural Development Department Balochistan (LGRDD), Public Health Engineering Department Balochistan (PHED) and Local Communities is implementing a 24-months Post-floods WASH Rehabilitation project in Jaffarabad and Zhob districts of Balochistan with co-financing from the European Union. The specificobjective of the EC-WATSAN project is to restore to at least pre-flood level access of the targeted communities (Zhob &Jaffarabad) districts to drinking water and sanitation facilities and to promote improved hygiene practices amongst targeted population through improved management and coordination capacities and community participation for sustainable WASH Sector development.
Till date, out of total 16 large PHED DWS schemes to be rehabilitated/constructed, 8 schemes are completed, Out of 35 small community/school based schemes work has been completed on 25 DWSS, 6 in Zhob and 19 in Jaffarabadbenefiting approximately 8,748 populations. To provide clean drinking water through construction of 93 communal hand pumps 79 hand pumps have been installed, 70 in Jaffarabad and 9 in Zhob benefiting a population of 4,339 individuals for drinking water, while work is underway on 14 hand pumps of Zhob total of 3000 latrines for vulnerable target households, 2100 latrines construction material provided to district Jaffarabad and 900 to district Zhob.
the communities whereas, work in 108 target schools for provision WASH facilities in different phases of completion; 10 WASH facilities in target schools of Zhob have been rehabilitated benefiting approximately 3,520 individuals, while work on 15 school facilities is in progress in District Zhob. BOQs under review for 50 school WASH facilities of Jaffarabad.
Milestones such as formation of VOs, hygiene clubs, distribution of Hygiene Kits, distribution of Informational material to hygiene clubs, training of PHED, TMAs officials,training on CLTS approach to Community Activists, sharing of baseline findings through workshops, printing & distribution of IEC material are 100% completed. A total of 419 health & hygiene awareness-raising sessions (296 sessions in Jaffarabad and 123 sessions in Zhob) with 6578 individuals have been conducted so far. 240 teachers (159 male &81 female) and 4643 students (3118 boys & 1525 girls) have been imparted training on SSHE modal.
Whereas, training on SSHE to teachers/students, exposure visits to concerned department personnel, media sensitization on WATSAN, strengthening of civil society networks through workshops are in different phases of completion.
BRSP has, currently,signed project agreement with UNICEF, The main purpose of this project is to prevent excess morbidity, mortality and to help reduce incidence of water, sanitation and hygiene related disease by providing WASH interventions for 46,656 people (20,995 Children, 12,574 Women and 13,087 Men), as well as provide School WASH facilities for school children in selected schools in focused UCs of District Jaffarabad. The aims of the project is to improve access to drinking water and sanitation needs of flood affected villages in order to alleviate the suffering and addressing the priority needs of the 46,656 affected people (6665 Families), through provision of safe drinking water by rehabilitation of water supply schemes by the PHED, sanitation (hardware) by the LG&RDD and soft component of the programme; orientation regarding water treatment and safe storage options at household level, social mobilization and hygiene promotion activities by Balochistan Rural Support Programme (BRSP) in 95 villages of four Union Councils of district Jaffarabad.
The WASH project will be implemented under the model of �Pakistan Approach to Total Sanitation� to up-scale rural sanitation through strong social mobilization by social organizers and community resource persons. In addition, WASH facilities will be provided at community and school level as part of incentives to trigger CLTS and SLTS Approaches. The following activities are planned to address early recovery needs of the affected population focusing on the provision of safe drinking water, basic sanitation and hygiene, ensuring access for women, girls, boys and other vulnerable populations.