Balochistan Rural Development And Community Empowerment Programme

Overview:

The population of Balochistan has suffered disproportionately, relative to the other regions of the country. This is due not only to the failure of public policies, poor governance, the geopolitical situation, and presence of Afghan refugees, but also to rising militancy, security issues and abject poverty. Though Balochistan is in a state of crisis, its vast geography, rich mineral and energy resources and untapped human resources potential provides an opportunity to transform the existing situation. But to do so it must support strategic public policy reforms and foster an effective partnership between communities and local authorities. In this context, the European Union (EU) and Balochistan Rural Support Programme (BRSP) launched the Balochistan Community Development Programme (BCDP) in 2013 in 40 Union Councils (UCs) of four districts in Balochistan, namely Zhob, Loralai, Khuzdar and Jhal Magsi. The project enhanced social cohesion and improved social services through social mobilization and capacity development for communities in mutual engagement with local government and local authorities, and other development actors. Now the European Union has scaled up the programme. In June 2017, it launched the Balochistan Rural Development and Community Empowerment Programme (BRACE) which extends the earlier programme to an additional 249 Union Councils of eight districts including Jhal Magsi, Kech/Turbat, Khuzdar, Killa Abdullah, Loralai, Pishin, Washuk, and Zhob. The programme, which is implemented by Balochistan Rural Support Programme (BRSP), National Rural Support Programme (NRSP), Rural Support Programme Network (RSPN), and Hulla & Human Dynamics (H&H) builds on the successful three-tier social mobilisation approach to Community Driven Development (CDD) of RSPs in Pakistan. The conceptual framework for this approach was developed by Dr. Akhtar Hameed Khan in the 1950s and 60s in the world famous Comilla Project and refined in the Daudzai Project by Mr. Shoaib Sultan Khan in the early 1970s. The framework was further developed and scaled up by the Aga Khan Rural Support Programme (AKRSP) during Mr. Shoaib Sultan Khan’s 12 years of leadership. Mr. Khan continues to inspire and lead the social mobilisation movement in Pakistan, India and several other parts of the developing world.

Introduction:

The grant component of the five-year Balochistan Rural Development and Community Empowerment Programme (BRACE) is being implemented by three implementing partners, namely RSPN, NRSP and BRSP in 249 Union Councils of aforementioned eight districts of Balochistan. The programme focuses on empowering citizens and communities and providing them with the means to implement community-driven socio-economic development interventions. It will also amplify their voice and capability to influence public policy decision-making through active engagement with local authorities for quality, inclusive and equitable service delivery, and civic-oversight. The EU has also engaged the services of Hulla & Human Dynamics (H&H), an Austrian company, to enable the Government of Balochistan to foster an enabling environment for strengthening the capacities of local government/authorities to manage and involve communities in the statutory local public-sector planning, financing, and implementation processes. The Programme also has a Public Finance Management (PFM) component, which will work closely with H&H to assist the Government of Balochistan to cost and fund the community-led development policy framework. Clearly defined fiscal and regulatory frameworks, budgetary processes and commitments will be reflected in a multi-annual budgetary framework and defined institutional arrangements.

Overall objective: To support the Government of Balochistan in reducing the negative impact of economic deprivation, poverty and social inequality, environmental degradation and climate change, and to turn this into opportunities to build and empower resilient communities participating actively in identifying and implementing socio-economic development activities on a sustainable basis in partnership with local authorities.

Specific objective: To empower citizens and communities and provide them with means enabling them to implement community-driven socio-economic development interventions, an increased voice and capability to influence public policy decision making through active engagement with local authorities for quality, inclusive, and equitable service delivery, and civic-oversight.

Expected Result and Major Deliverables of the Programme

Result 1.1: Establishment and empowerment of a three-tiered participative system of federated Community Organisations (COs) at community, village and UC levels capable of development needs identification & prioritisation, development planning, resource mobilisation, and execution, and operation & maintenance of community infrastructures.

  • 247,956 households in 211 union councils will be reached through 16,531 COs, 2,685 VOs, 211 LSOs and 27 LSO Networks at tehsil level and 07 at district level.

  • Community Management Skills trainings (CMST) including CAT organised for 33,062 CO activists/office bearers.

  • 5,370 VO members and 422 LSO office bearers trained in Leadership & Management Skills Training (LMST).

  • 323 Activists workshops/ Manager Conferences for 12,920 office bearers of COs/VOs/LSOs

  • Organization of 134 exposure visits for 2,685 VOs’ members.

  • Organization of 30 exposure visits for 602 local government, district line department officials and LSOs’ representatives.

  • 633 CRPs receive training and provide BRACE implementation support to fostered CIs.

  • 272 government officials / elected government representatives receive training on participative community development approaches.

Result 1.2: Increased capacity of citizens, communities, and marginalised groups, particularly women, to assert their rights and hold local authorities accountable by engaging them in joint participatory development planning and execution for a more relevant and efficient public service delivery.

  • Advocacy workshops/meeting for mainstreaming DDS and plans in the formal District Annual Development Planning processes.

  • Organize and facilitate 112 stakeholders’ meetings/workshops to inform & update about UC's and District development planning and implementation ensuring accountability.

Result 1.3: Improved accesses of communities, particularly women and marginalised groups to quality public services and benefit from climate-resilient community infrastructures and productive assets planned, implemented and maintained jointly with local authorities.

  • An estimated 20,500 households in 164 UCs (excluding BCDP and PPAF funded UCs) will benefit from 211 CPI initiatives.

Result 1.4: Increased number of poor community members, particularly women and marginalised such as PWDs, minorities and socially exluded groups, are engaged in income generating activities.

  • 2,110 women and youth will be provided TVET.

  • 8,440 women provided with literacy numeracy skills.

  • 7,920 poorest households will be provided IGGs. 

  • 14,550 poor households will get CIF from the LSOs to start/boost up their businesses for income generation.  

Result1.5: Experiences on the ground are assessed and disseminated in order to inspire the design of the building blocks of a Local Development Policy framework.

  • People and people’s organisations benefiting from the BRACE 247,956 rural households, and the community institutions (LSOs, VOs and COs) in programme target districts

Result 1.6: Gender inequality reduced through outcome recommendations from the gender analysis by European Union Technical Assistance (EU TA) in the BRACE – BRSP Component.

  • 12 BRSP staff and government officials will be trained as Master Trainers on Gender ToT on organisational HR/Gender policies and anti-sexual harassment laws

  • 25 BRSP staff and government officials will be trained on gender mainstreaming and sensitisation actions in communities

  • 633 LSO representatives and 633 CRPs will be trained on Gender mainstreaming topics, awareness on gender sensitive programme implementation approaches and strategies, and reporting.

Result 1.7:  Citizens and community institutions (CIs) are sensitised on cross cutting thematic areas and integrated the cross-cutting themes in preparation of the local development plans including PFM.

  • 20 BRSP staff and GoB officials trained as Mater Trainers on CAT sessions

  • 102 Social Organisers and CB Officers trained on CAT as Master Trainers

  • 633 CRPs trained on CAT

  • 70% of the organised CI members sensitized on CAT by CRPs with facilitation of officials from the local authorise/line departments.

  • 3,376 PWDs provided with assistive devices for enabling them to participate in livelihood activities.

Result 1.8:  Improved capacity of elected members, local government authorities’ staff, and officials of the line departments to involve communities in planning, co-resourcing and managing local development activities.

  • 2,500 elected council members of eight target districts

  • 200 UC secretaries and other LGRDD staff in target districts.

  • 300 Chair and Vice Chairman of elected councils in target districts.


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