Human and Institutional Development

Social Mobilization

Social Mobilization is a theory of social cohesion that is being capitalized by BRSP to alleviate the sufferings of marginalized communities of Balochistan. The word ‘social’ has been derived from society, which means collective or inclusive and the word ‘mobilization’ stands for assembling or organizing resources to support specific objective. Therefore, the theory of ‘social mobilization’ means “collective efforts of organized resources to achieve specific objectives”. Moreover, BRSP also believes on participation and capacity building of disadvantaged communities to ensure their ownership in their overall development agenda. Social Organization for almost two decades, development theorists and practitioners have drawn attention to the importance of social institutions or ‘social capital’ as a means of enhancing human capabilities and freedom. According to 21 years of experience of BRSP, social mobilization is found one of the most suitable approaches for rural development; therefore, it is being considered as bedrock of entire development agenda of BRSP. The strategic development of social mobilization is to organize communities in different levels of groups. Since early January 2010, BRSP has adopted three tier structure of institutional development such as community organization (CO) at community level, Village Organization (VO) at village level and Local Support Organization (LSO) at union council level. This structure is being considered the most efficient and effective means to access and expand outreach to marginalized communities. Once communities are organized in given groups then representatives from each group are being trained so that they may plan, organize, implement and control their own development with effective leadership skills. Subsequently, these organized and capacitated communities are not only being considered as a social capital but they also provide platforms for all other development initiatives at the community level for example health, education, water, sanitation, shelter, food, agriculture, social protection, gender mainstreaming, livelihood and other infrastructure developments.  

Community Institution Fostered
Community Organization Village Organization Local Support Organization Local Support Organization
MCOs WCOs Mix COs Total MVOs WVOs Mix VOs Total MLSOs WLSOs Mix LSOs Total
7,894 3,609 55 11,558 1,173 354 4 1,531 41 1 2 44